Inflammation Key Facts

Inflammation is a process by which the body's white blood cells and substances they produce protect us from infection with foreign organisms, such as bacteria and viruses.

What Are The Diseases Associated With Inflammation?

Some types of arthritis are the result of misdirected inflammation. 

Arthritis is a disease referring to inflammation in the joints.

The types of arthritis associated with inflammation are:

  • Rheumatoid arthritis 
  • Psoriatic arthritis
  • Gouty arthritis

What Are the Symptoms of Inflammation?

Symptoms of inflammation include:

  • Redness
  • Swollen joint that's sometimes warm to the touch
  •  Joint pain
  • Joint stiffness
  • Loss of joint function

Inflammation may also be associated with general flu-like symptoms including:

  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Loss of appetite
  • Muscle stiffness

What Causes Inflammation and What Are Its Effects?

When inflammation occurs, chemicals from the body's white cells are released into the blood to protect the body from foreign substances. 

The release of chemicals may cause a leak of fluid into the tissues, resulting in swelling. This process may stimulate nerves and cause pain.

This increased number of cells and inflammatory substances in the joints cause irritation, swelling of the joint lining and, eventually, wearing down of cartilage.

Can Inflammation Affect Internal Organs?

Yes. Inflammation can affect organs as part of an autoimmune disorder. The type of symptoms depend on which organs are affected:

  • Inflammation of the heart - may cause shortness of breath or fluid retention.
  • Inflammation of the small tubes that transport air to the lungs may cause shortness of breath.
  • Inflammation of the kidneys may cause high blood pressure or kidney failure.

How Are Inflammatory Joint Diseases Treated?

There are a number of treatment options for inflammatory diseases.

The type of treatment prescribed will depend on several factors, including the type of disease, the person's age, type of medications he or she is taking, overall health, medical history, and severity of symptoms.
webmd.com/arthritis/about-inflammation#1

    What Supplements Can Reduce Inflammation According To Studies?

    Curcumin

    Curcumin is a component of the spice turmeric.

    Studies showed that it can decrease inflammation in diabetes, heart disease, inflammatory bowel disease and cancer.
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26088351
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26007179
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17101300
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26774676

     

    Curcumin also appears to be very beneficial for reducing inflammation and improving symptoms of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25688638
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22407780 

    Resveratrol

    Resveratrol is an antioxidant found in grapes, blueberries, red wine and peanuts.

    Resveratrol supplements may reduce inflammation in individuals with heart disease, insulin resistance, gastritis, ulcerative colitis and other conditions. 
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26306466
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26799794
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26751381
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26610474
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25572586
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25311610
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23224687
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14586044
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26002728
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22055504

     

    Spirulina

    Spirulina is a type of blue-green algae with strong antioxidant effects.

    Studies have shown that it reduces inflammation, leads to healthier aging and may strengthen the immune system.
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19299804
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12711327
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25599112
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12122072
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23357040
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23028885
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20560112
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21278762
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18714150

    Fish Oil

    Fish oil supplements contain omega-3 fatty acids, which are vital to good health.

    They can decrease the inflammation associated with diabetes, heart disease, cancer and many other conditions.
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24860193
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26829184
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23034965
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14505813
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20727522
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22114792
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3775255/

     

    Two especially beneficial types of omega-3s are eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA).

    DHA, in particular, has been shown to have anti-inflammatory effects that reduce cytokine levels and promote gut health.

    It may also decrease the inflammation and muscle damage that occur after exercise.
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3775255/
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24955731
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25029008
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24954162

     

    Ginger

    Ginger root is commonly ground into powder and added to sweet and savory dishes.

    It's also commonly used to treat indigestion and nausea, including morning sickness.

    Two components of ginger, gingerol and zingerone, may reduce the inflammation linked to colitis, kidney damage, diabetes and breast cancer.

    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24666677
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24885946
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24312847
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24490949
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26855719

     

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